Please read the following instructions carefully. If you have any questions, please contact to the Editor in Chief at :


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Title Page:

Title page contains title of the manuscript in bold face, title case (font size 14), names of the authors in normal face, title case (font size 12) followed by the address of authors in normal face, lower case (font size 12). Names of the authors should appear as initials followed by surnames. Full names may be given in some instances to avoid confusion. Followed by the author names, please provide the complete postal address or addresses with pin code number of the place(s), where the research work has been carried out. If the publication originates from several institutes, the affiliation of each author should be clearly stated by using superscript Arabic numbers after the name and before the institute. The author to whom correspondence should be directed must be indicated with an asterisk. At the bottom left corner of this page, please mention “*For correspondence” and provide a functional e-mail address of the corresponding author to whom all correspondence (including galley proofs) is to be sent


An abstract must accompany every article. It should be a brief summary of the significant items of the main paper. It should be informative and not only present the general scope of the paper but also indicate the main results and conclusions. An abstract should not normally exceed 250 words.



It should be a concise statement of the background to the work presented, including relevant earlier work, suitably referenced. It should be started in a separate page after key words.


Materials and Methods:

It shall be started as a continuation to introduction on the same page. All-important materials and equipments, the manufacturer’s name and, if possible, the location should be provided. The main methods used shall be briefly described, citing references. New methods or substantially modified methods may be described in sufficient detail. The statistical method and the level of significance chosen shall be clearly stated.


Results and Discussion:

It may be combined or kept separate and may be further divided into subsections. This section should not contain technical details. Abbreviations and acronyms should be used sparingly and consistently. Where they first appear in the text, they should be defined; authors may also explain large numbers of abbreviations and acronyms in a footnote on the first page.



Authors should use tables only to achieve concise presentation or where the information cannot be given satisfactorily in other ways. Tables should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals and should be in the text itself at appropriate place not at the end or as separate attachment. Each table should have an explanatory caption which should be as concise as possible.


Authors may use line diagrams and photographs to illustrate these from their text. The figures should be clear, easy to read and of good quality. Styles and fonts should match those in the main body of the article. Lettering and lines should be of uniform density and the lines unbroken. Axis labels should be in bold face. Units should be placed next to variables in parentheses. All figures must be in the text itself appropriate place not at the end or as separate attachment.



In the text, a reference identified by means of an author‘s name should be followed by the date of the reference in parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only the first author‘s name should be mentioned, followed by ’et al‘. In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like ’a‘ and ’b‘ after the date to distinguish the works.



Smith (2000), Steddy et al. (2003), (Kelebeni, 1983), (Singh and Chandra, 1992), (Chege, 1998; Gold, 1987a,b; Blake, 1993, 1995), (Kumasi et al., 2001). References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical order. Articles in preparation or articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should not be included in the reference list but should only be mentioned in the article text (e.g., A. Kingori, University of Nairobi, Kenya, personal communication). Journal names are abbreviated according to Chemical Abstracts. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references.



Li XQ, Tan A, Voegtline M, Bekele S, Chen CS, Aroian RV (2008). Expression of Cry5B protein from Bacillus thuringiensis in plant roots confers resistance to root-knot nematode. Biol. Control 47: 97-102.

Pandey R, Kalra A (2003). Root knot disease of ashwagandha Withania somnifera and its ecofriendly cost effective management. J. Mycol. Pl. Pathol. 33(2): 240-245.

Charnley AK (1992). Mechanisms of fungal pathogenesis in insects with particular reference to locusts. In: Lomer CJ, Prior C (eds) Biological Controls of Locusts and Grasshoppers: Proceedings of an international workshop held at Cotonou, Benin. Oxford: CAB International, pp. 181-190.

Mundree SG, Farrant JM (2000). Some physiological and molecular insights into the mechanisms of desiccation tolerance in the resurrection plant Xerophyta viscasa Baker.  In Cherry et al. (eds) Plant tolerance to abiotic stresses in Agriculture: Role of Genetic Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, pp. 201-222.


Fees and Charges:

A handling fee of  120.00 $ (USD) will be billed to the authors for each manuscript published. Publication of an article in the International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research is not contingent upon the author’s ability to pay the charges. Neither is acceptance to pay the handling fee a guarantee that the paper will be accepted for publication. Authors may still request (in advance) that the editorial office waive some of the handling fee under special circumstances.


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July 2017